Key Points

• “Food deserts” are neighbourhoods where residents have little or no access to
    healthy and affordable foods.

• Factors contributing to the formation of food deserts include resident income,
   age, and access to transportation, with low-income Canadians, seniors, and
   single parents being affected most commonly by lack of access to nutritious food.

• A lack of nutritious food is associated with increased risk of diabetes and poorer
   mental and physical health.

• The impact of food deserts could be reduced by improved urban planning and
   development, and policies and programs that address affordable housing and
   food insecurity.