Low-Level Environmental Lead Exposure and Children’s Intellectual Function: An International Pooled Analysis
Bruce Lanphear, Richard Hornung, Jane Khoury, Kimberly Yolton, Peter Baghurst, David C.Bellinger, et al.
Lead is a confirmed neurotoxin, but questions remain about lead-associated intellectual deficits at blood lead levels < 10 μg/dL and whether lower exposures are, for a given change in exposure, associated with greater deficits.
National Toxicology Program Monograph On Health Effects of Low-Level Lead
Andrew A. Rooney, PhD; Abee L. Boyles, PhD; Kyla Taylor, MS; Kembra L. Howdeshell, PhD; Vickie R. Walker; Michael D. Shelby, PhD, et al.
Although reductions in lead (Pb) exposure for the U.S. population have resulted in lower blood Pb levels over time, epidemiological studies continue to provide evidence of health effects at lower and lower blood Pb levels.